What are the tax benefits of a private REIT? (2024)

What are the tax benefits of a private REIT?

Individual REIT shareholders can deduct 20% of the taxable REIT dividend income they receive (but not for dividends that qualify for the capital gains rates). There is no cap on the deduction, no wage restriction and itemized deductions are not required to receive this benefit.

What are the tax advantages of a private REIT?

Unlike many companies however, REIT incomes are not taxed at the corporate level. That means REITs avoid the dreaded “double-taxation” of corporate tax and personal income tax. Instead, REITs are sheltered from corporate taxes, so their investors are only taxed once.

What are the tax implications of owning a REIT?

The majority of REIT dividends are taxed as ordinary income up to the maximum rate of 37% (returning to 39.6% in 2026), plus a separate 3.8% surtax on investment income. Taxpayers may also generally deduct 20% of the combined qualified business income amount which includes Qualified REIT Dividends through Dec.

What is one of the disadvantages of investing in a private REIT?

Cons of Investing in a Private REIT

On the flip side, private REITs typically have longer holding periods, which means your money may be tied up for an extended period. Additionally, they may lack the liquidity of publicly traded REITs, making it more challenging to sell your investment if needed.

How does a private REIT work?

Private REITs are real estate funds or companies that are exempt from SEC registration and whose shares do not trade on national stock exchanges. Private REITs generally can be sold only to institutional investors.

What are the pros and cons of private REIT?

Private REITs are not traded on an exchange, which means that there are more restriction in who can invest in them. As such, they tend to be less liquid than public REITs since it can be difficult for investors to find buyers for their shares should they decide to sell.

How do I avoid taxes on REIT?

Avoiding REIT dividend taxation

If you own REITs in an IRA, you won't have to worry about dividend taxes each year, nor will you have to pay taxes in the year in which you sell a REIT at a profit.

Is it bad to hold REITs in a taxable account?

REITs and REIT Funds

Real estate investment trusts are a poor fit for taxable accounts for the reason that I just mentioned. Their income tends to be high and often composes a big share of the returns that investors earn from them, as REITs must pay out a minimum of 90% of their taxable income in dividends each year.

Is it OK to hold REITs in a taxable account?

This makes them a great type of dividend investment to hold in tax-advantaged retirement accounts like traditional IRAs, Roth IRAs, and 401(k)s. In this scenario, you wouldn't need to keep track of the cost basis from ROC. It's also okay to own REITs in taxable accounts.

Is REIT income double taxed?

A REIT is merely a tax classification that allows an entity that would otherwise be taxed as a corporation to avoid “double taxation” and achieve tax treatment similar to – but in some important ways, different than – a tax partnership.

Is a private REIT a good investment?

High dividend yields -- Generally speaking, private REITs pay higher dividends than comparable public REITs. Public REITs have historically paid dividend yields in the 5%–6% range, on average, while private REIT dividend yields have historically been in the 7%–8% ballpark, according to National Real Estate Investor.

What is the largest private REIT in the US?

BREIT is by far the largest private REIT, with a net asset value of $68 billion as of Nov. 30, 2022. Its biggest rival is Starwood Real Estate Income Trust, or SREIT, with a net asset value of $14 billion as of Nov. 30, 2022.

How do private REITs make money?

Private REITs do the same thing. They generally raise money from investors, borrow money from capital sources, buy assets and distribute the earnings to investors. It's extremely similar. The only difference is they are not publicly traded and they are usually in LLCs.

Can I start my own private REIT?

Your company will need at least 100 investors to be classified as a REIT. You don't necessarily need to get all 100 up front, since the IRS only requires you to meet that threshold by the beginning of the REIT's second tax year.

What is the 5 50 rule for REITs?

A REIT will be closely held if more than 50 percent of the value of its outstanding stock is owned directly or indirectly by or for five or fewer individuals at any point during the last half of the taxable year, (this is commonly referred to as the 5/50 test).

What is the largest private REIT?

As of the end of 2022, US public REITs have a total market capitalization of over $1.3 trillion2. Blackstone Real Estate Income Trust (“BREIT”) is by far the largest private REIT, with an NAV of $69.7 billion as of March 31, 2023.

How do I sell my private REIT?

Since most non-traded REITs are illiquid, there are often restrictions to redeeming and selling shares. While a REIT is still open to public investors, investors may be able to sell their shares back to the REIT. However, this sale usually comes at a discount; leaving only about 70% to 95% of the original value.

What is the difference between a private REIT and a public REIT?

Unlike those that are publicly-traded and non-traded, private REITs are not required to register with the SEC and are not subject to the same reporting requirements. While they are not regulated by the SEC, private REITs are required to conform to Regulation D.

What is the 90% rule for REITs?

To qualify as a REIT, a company must have the bulk of its assets and income connected to real estate investment and must distribute at least 90 percent of its taxable income to shareholders annually in the form of dividends.

How are REITs treated for tax purposes?

The dividends distributed to investors by a REIT can either be considered ordinary income or qualified income. The taxes that you as an investor will pay on those dividends depends on its income class. This can be ordinary dividends (taxed at your ordinary tax rate) or qualified dividends (taxed at a lower rate).

How long do you have to hold a REIT?

There is no minimum holding period on public REITs for retail investors. Probably some large ones have market makers that day trade. Large Caps REITs are the most likely to provide liquidity. Real Estate ETFs are likely to provide more.

Where is the best place to hold a REIT?

Is a Roth or traditional IRA the best choice? To be clear, retirement accounts are ideal places to hold REIT investments, as the benefits of tax-deferred investing can magnify the already tax-advantaged nature of these companies.

What is the best account to hold REITs?

Benefits of Investing in REITs Through Your Roth IRA

First, you benefit from tax-advantaged growth — the dividends you receive will not be taxed since they are in a Roth IRA, which you fund with money you already paid taxes on. You can withdraw funds from your Roth IRA without paying taxes.

What account should I hold REITs in?

Roth IRAs are funded with after-tax dollars. As a result, you don't have to pay taxes on your withdrawals, including your REIT dividends. If you invested in the REIT outside of your Roth IRA, the dividends would be taxed as income. In many ways, investing in REITs in your Roth IRA is the ideal way to invest in a REIT.

Does a REIT file a tax return?

Generally, a REIT must file its income tax return by the 15th day of the 4th month after the end of its tax year. A new REIT filing a short-period return must generally file by the 15th day of the 4th month after the short period ends.

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